ROUND TABLE C1 : Specificities of the multifamily device
Norberto MASCARO & Andrés MASCARO (Espagne)
From Family Psychoanalysis to Multifamily Psychoanalysis Group
The title contains the idea of a path travelled. The family dimension of psychoanalysis is found in the thought of S. Freud. In fact, the psychoanalytic study of the family allowed to go into detail the genesis and the therapeutic of the severe mental illness.
The rise of disciplines tha deal with the environment of the human being and its culture allowed to study large groups. The practice of Multifamily Psychoanalysis Groups was the consequence of this development.
The Multifamily Psychoanalysis Group represents a “mini society” that offers an ample “fiel of action” where different family models are faced and inter and transgenerational conflicts that sustain “pathogenic interdependencies” are addressed. We also deal with the multiple dispersed transference and the different mental dimensions that allow us to approach the evolution of the individual in a triple mental spaces: individual, family and social.
Keywords: Mulfamily Psychoanalisis Group, mini society and pathogenic interdependencies.
Claudio MARUOTTOLO, Josean FERNANDEZ & Cecilia LLORENS-HERRERA
The process of identification and differentiation in multi-family psychoanalysis. Similarities and differences with the psychotherapies of couple and family.
Identification is recognized in psychoanalysis as a central mechanism in the understanding of the psyche, from the psychosexual development and adoptions of social practices in the culture of belonging, to symptom formation. In psychoanalytic psychotherapy the use of these complex linking operations are necessary to provide the conditions for psychic change.
From the perspective of the multi-family psychoanalysis group (MFPG), the process of identification and differentiation, during psychotherapy between families, will be essential in the acquisition of new genuine ego-related resources.
In the present work we will deal specifically with the acquisition of role identity in couples and families that participate in the MFPG and its relationship with the process of identification and differentiation. We will establish similarities and differences with couple and nuclear family psychotherapies through the analysis of a clinical case.
Keywords: MFPG; identification; differentiation; role identity
Florencio MONEO (Espagne)
Multifamily Psychoanalysis. A delinquency story.
(Room Full. All on chairs. 43 participants. Silence. Psychotherapist 1 closes the door. It all goes completely silent. The participants are sitting on chairs in 2 concentric circles).
– Can we start? Can we speak?
-Yes, yes, the door has been closed.
– I wanted to say that I feel very bad. Yesterday it was two years since my father died. I feel really bad. Because he hurt me a lot. On the one hand I felt relief because he had died. On the other hand, I would have liked to make up with him. To have been with him on the day he died. But I didn’t do it. I feel really bad. And now I can’t let go of that idea. I am a person who gets hurt … And I hate myself twenty-four hours a day.
Keywords : Psychoanalysis, multi-family, delinquency, technique, new thinking.
Nicolas RABAIN (France)
Multi-family psychoanalysis and family romances of the adolescent
Multi-family psychoanalysis, which consists in gathering several patients and their parents together with co-therapists, is barely known in France. The objective of this paper is to contribute to the promotion of this original therapeutic approach for adolescents. Indeed, this kind of therapy contributes to the various operations leading to parental objects’ decathexis, paradoxically in their very presence. Using the inter- and transgenerational material and the play of identifications among participants, we point out how multi-family gatherings reinforce the ability to associate, to relaunch conflictuality and redeploy libido onto objects of substitution. Our contribution aims in fine at promoting the psychoanalytic approach of the multi-family therapies, which is also inspired by the systemic approach.
Keywords: Adolescence – Conflict – Elaboration – Intergenerational – Multi-family psychoanalysis.
Alberto TREYSSAC (Argentine)
The multifamily meetings as supportive networks
The author exposes his experience coordinating a Home with a Day Center for teenage and adult patients with mental disabilities. He describes the daily difficulties that arise at the institutional levels and with the groups of patients, as well as with the groups of assistants, professionals, teachers, and essentially with families. Many of these difficulties related to deaths, neglects, accusations among members of the family generated the need to create a device that was therapeutically effective in working with them. This is how the multifamily meetings emerged, in which the themes of both the families and the institution are worked on together. A family history is created inside other stories, reviewing and strengthening the networks of support, by means of a feeling of belonging.
Keywords: Mental disability – Hospitalization – Multifamily meetings – networks of support – Feeling of belonging