Speeches of 26 July 2018

ROUND TABLE A1 : Family, parenthood and migration

Maria Inês Assumpção Fernandes & Simone Piñeiro Bressan Robles (PUC-Rio/USP/Paris Descartes)

The group clinical dimension in psychosocial work with families: aspects of violence

In general terms, the work raises the question of the psychologist’s field of intervention in the care of families in institutions of the social assistance network (CRAS). It is necessary to think the field of intervention in the specificity of the intersubjective psychic work in close relation with the social questions that are object of social assistance action: to think about the relationship among the subject of rights – citizen subject – and, the subject of the unconscious. The intervention device was the grupo operativo, the intervention proposed by Pichon-Rivière. The aim-public were the families in breach of conditionalities of the Bolsa Família Program, from the third suspension, due to the reason for low school attendance of their members between 06 and 17 years. In the group process, the main emergents were domestic and intergeneration violence, helplessness, female incarceration, humiliation and shame. Without the possibility of naming, these affective experiences were being deposited in the family bonds, expressing through the symptom of school dropout.

Keywords: group clinical, psychosocial work, violence, family.

Philippe DRWESKI (France)

Effects of expatriation on the family psychic envelope

This presentation offers a reflection on the action of family envelopes in the framework of expatriation. The concept of envelope is here illustrated in order to comprehend the passage between different spaces, a distinctive feature of expatriation. The hypothesis is that expatriation is a critical moment in the action of the envelopes which affects the therapeutic framework of the families we see in consultation. After a preliminary review of the concept of envelop, the presentation then, offers a clinical illustration of a family therapy. This analysis allows to illustrate the work of the family envelope and of its plastic qualities in the context of mobility. It appears that expatriation, due to the distancing of traumatic elements part of family history, can regulate family functioning. The therapist must integrate this dimension to work with families more and more numerous to live expatriation in the contemporary world.

Key words: family envelope, expatriation, hybridisation, connection, mobility

Terezinha Féres Carneiro, Renata Mello & Andrea Seixas Magalhães (PUC-Rio/USP/Paris Descartes)

Parent-child role inversion in the family: intrapsychic, intersubjective and social dimensions

Taking as central themes the processes of child maturation and the exercise of parenthood, the present work proposes to investigate the parent-child role inversion problem in the clinic with families. We are referring here to the process of parentification, in which the child begins to assume the parental functions, giving up his/her own needs to accommodate to the needs of his/her parents. When parents parentify their children, the difference between generations is denied and the child is considered a miniature adult. The parent-child role inversion is discussed in this work from a triple listening key, inspired by Jean-G. Lemaire, contemplating intrapsychic, intersubjective and social aspects. To enrich the discussion about this problem, an illustration is presented through clinical vignettes. The importance of the analyst is to understand the impact of parent-child role inversion on the emotional development of children, especially when this role inversion becomes a privileged way in the relationship between parents and children.

Keywords: parenting, child development, parent-child role inversion, parentification, clinical listening.

Alexandra BERNARD & Almudena SANAHUJA (Université de Besançon, France)

Affiliation to the price of migration

This paper focuses on the psychic processes of family transmissions, strongly imbued with cultural beliefs, at the work of young African migrants, who leave alone without their family, risking their lives. At the age of becoming adults, they were designated to leave, they are “the blessed child”, chosen by the parents, as defined by the cultural myth of their community, to ensure the survival of the family group, but also its narcissistic enhancement. They embody the hope of a better future, or they are obliged to write the page of success of the family novel. It is at this price, that they will be able to have a place within their families. In the course of this paper, we will try to understand how young migrants are subject to their family ties, and how migration intervenes as part of an affiliation process that comes into play in the identity construction of the subject. a family balance, strongly influenced by cultural beliefs.

Keywords : Migration, transmission, cultural beliefs, affiliation, roman family process.

Speeches of 27 july 2018

ROUND TABLE B1 : Links, family and couple

 

Irma MOROSINI, Ezequiel A. JAROSLAVSKY, Lucia BALELLO & Fiorenza MILANO (AIPCF, Buenos Aires/Milan)

Working Group: Conceptual delineation of the link, the object relationship and intersubjectivity

The link is the concept prínceps of family and couple psychoanalysis, as well as of the different link configurations: the mother / baby bond, the therapeutic and institutional group links, and the fraternal ones, etc.

Therefor it is necessary to specify and delimit its relevancy in the theoretical field of Psychoanalysis. The contributions of Bion, Bernard and Kaës, among others,  will be taken into account.

We specify the unconscious psychic reality of the link produced by the group of its members; the linking psychic apparatus that determines it, and the specific formations of the link (unconscious alliances, linking dreams, foric functions, etc.).

With regard to the object relation, we will study this concept in the Kleinian perspective and establish its differences with the link.

We will also develop the historical origin of the concept of Intersubjectivity and its theories. There are different conceptions of intersubjectivity as the descriptive aspect (Brusset), Kaës’ original contribution to the metapsychology of intersubjectivity and the dynamic structure of the psychic space that is created between two or more objects (intersubjective space with its specific formations). We will also develop, from a critical perspective, the American intersubjectivity (history of the concept and its developments in North American psychoanalysis) (H. Tessier).

Keywords: Link – Object relationship – Intersubjectivity – Intersubjective space – Psychic reality of the link – Link configurations.

Liliana ÁLVAREZ, Beatriz BURSTEIN, Susana CASAURANG, Manuel LISS & Nilda NEVES (Universidad UCES, Argentina)

A family with History: legacy, secret, tragedy

We will reflect on a family’s development over three generations, in which the disintegration of family bonds threatens the social, political, economic and emotional condition of all family members.

Arising from the analysis of the film “Io sono l´amore”, we will focus on the type of bonds that results in a family functioning traversed by secrecy, migration and a form of rule exercised in a despotic manner.

Unique aspects linked to identity, ideals, love and desire are tinged with a masked and embellished primitive logic, which overshadows conflicts that remain dormant and toxically stagnant.

Stories, traditions and social context lose their value as heritage, when left to be transformed in elements of family catastrophe that has been built from the perversion of their bonds.

Key words: historical social context – migrations – traumas – secrets – toxic bonds

 

Célia VAZ (Université Catholique de Lyon, France)

How the tierce is carried out for a lesbian couple ?

This intervention attempts to show the adventure of a lesbian couple to building a family. We wonder about what motivates the choice of building a family despite injuries experienced by previous generations and which continue to act. In addition, the fantasy of self-generating by this biological mother is accentuated by having a child via medically assisted procreation. We will see how becoming a mother is accompanied by a desire to feed a symmetrical relationship with her child. This desire may inhibit the desire to regain his place of lover within the couple. This desire is becoming conscious parallel to the development of her son. This process is fed in part on the difficulty of the social mother to adopt the child. The third place remains vacant, waiting to be occupied. We will see how this biological mother is built in seeking supports and by identifying other women’s and maternal figures than that of his wife.

Keywords : Same sex parenthood – MAP – family line – Adoption – Third party

 

Carles PEREZ-TESTOR, Cristina NOFUENTES, Maria Rosa COCA, Eva de QUADRAS, Myriam PALAU & Josep MERCADAL (Universitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, España)

New classification of couple disorders: a proposal

Since psychoanalysis became interested in couple conflicts, there has been a doubt about if a classification were necessary. In 1956 Bela Mittelman provided a very interesting diagnostic description and shortly thereafter, in 1958, Winch did the same. Henry Dicks described in 1967 different types of collusion that were also picked up by Guillermo Teruel (1970) as a possible diagnostic classification and Jürg Willi or ourselves (Perez-Testor, 2006) dared to propose a diagnostic classification of collusions.

After the publication of the work of Robert Mendelsohn in 2009 in which he makes interesting contributions, we have reviewed our classification and we want to share the result by presenting a new classification more precise and operative.

Keywords: Collusion, Classification of Couple Disorders

 

Speeches of 28 July 2018

ROUND TABLE C1 : Specificities of the multifamily device

 

Norberto MASCARO & Andrés MASCARO (Espagne)

From Family Psychoanalysis to Multifamily Psychoanalysis Group

The title contains the idea of a path travelled. The family dimension of psychoanalysis is found in the thought of S. Freud. In fact, the psychoanalytic study of the family allowed to go into detail the genesis and the therapeutic of the severe mental illness.

The rise of disciplines tha deal with the environment of the human being and its culture allowed to study large groups. The practice of Multifamily Psychoanalysis Groups was the consequence of this development.

The Multifamily Psychoanalysis Group represents a “mini society” that offers an ample “fiel of action” where different family models are faced and inter and transgenerational conflicts that sustain “pathogenic interdependencies” are addressed. We also deal with the multiple dispersed transference and the different mental dimensions that allow us to approach the evolution of the individual in a triple mental spaces: individual, family and social.

Keywords: Mulfamily Psychoanalisis Group, mini society and pathogenic interdependencies.

 

Claudio MARUOTTOLO, Josean FERNANDEZ & Cecilia LLORENS-HERRERA

The process of identification and differentiation in multi-family psychoanalysis. Similarities and differences with the psychotherapies of couple and family.

Identification is recognized in psychoanalysis as a central mechanism in the understanding of the psyche, from the psychosexual development and adoptions of social practices in the culture of belonging, to symptom formation. In psychoanalytic psychotherapy the use of these complex linking operations are necessary to provide the conditions for psychic change.

From the perspective of the multi-family psychoanalysis group (MFPG), the process of identification and differentiation, during psychotherapy between families, will be essential in the acquisition of new genuine ego-related resources.

In the present work we will deal specifically with the acquisition of role identity in couples and families that participate in the MFPG and its relationship with the process of identification and differentiation. We will establish similarities and differences with couple and nuclear family psychotherapies through the analysis of a clinical case.

Keywords: MFPG; identification; differentiation; role identity

 

Florencio MONEO (Espagne)

Multifamily Psychoanalysis. A delinquency story.

(Room Full. All on chairs. 43 participants. Silence. Psychotherapist 1 closes the door. It all goes completely silent. The participants are sitting on chairs in 2 concentric circles).

– Can we start? Can we speak?

-Yes

-Yes, yes, the door has been closed.

– I wanted to say that I feel very bad. Yesterday it was two years since my father died. I feel really bad. Because he hurt me a lot. On the one hand I felt relief because he had died. On the other hand, I would have liked to make up with him. To have been with him on the day he died. But I didn’t do it. I feel really bad. And now I can’t let go of that idea. I am a person who gets hurt … And I hate myself twenty-four hours a day.

Keywords : Psychoanalysis, multi-family, delinquency, technique, new thinking.

 

Nicolas RABAIN (France)

Multi-family psychoanalysis and family romances of the adolescent

Multi-family psychoanalysis, which consists in gathering several patients and their parents together with co-therapists, is barely known in France. The objective of this paper is to contribute to the promotion of this original therapeutic approach for adolescents. Indeed, this kind of therapy contributes to the various operations leading to parental objects’ decathexis, paradoxically in their very presence.  Using the inter- and transgenerational material and the play of identifications among participants, we point out how multi-family gatherings reinforce the ability to associate, to relaunch conflictuality and redeploy libido onto objects of substitution. Our contribution aims in fine at promoting the psychoanalytic approach of the multi-family therapies, which is also inspired by the systemic approach.

Keywords: Adolescence – Conflict – Elaboration – Intergenerational – Multi-family psychoanalysis.

Alberto TREYSSAC (Argentine)

The multifamily meetings as supportive networks

The author exposes his experience coordinating a Home with a Day Center for teenage and adult patients with mental disabilities. He describes the daily difficulties that arise at the institutional levels and with the groups of patients, as well as with the groups of assistants, professionals, teachers, and essentially with families. Many of these difficulties related to deaths, neglects, accusations among members of the family generated the need to create a device that was therapeutically effective in working with them. This is how the multifamily meetings emerged, in which the themes of both the families and the institution are worked on together.  A family history is created inside other stories, reviewing and strengthening the networks of support, by means of a feeling of belonging.

Keywords: Mental disability – Hospitalization – Multifamily meetings – networks of support – Feeling of belonging